Author Topic: ~ Common Network Cable Types ~  (Read 107 times)

Offline MysteRy

  • Global Moderator
  • *
  • Posts: 210758
  • Total likes: 19104
  • Karma: +2/-0
  • Gender: Female
  • ♥♥ Positive Thinking Will Let U Do Everything ♥♥
    • http://friendstamilchat.com/
~ Common Network Cable Types ~
« on: June 19, 2018, 06:52:57 PM »
« Last Edit: November 07, 2018, 01:33:22 PM by MysteRy »

Offline MysteRy

  • Global Moderator
  • *
  • Posts: 210758
  • Total likes: 19104
  • Karma: +2/-0
  • Gender: Female
  • ♥♥ Positive Thinking Will Let U Do Everything ♥♥
    • http://friendstamilchat.com/
Re: ~ Common Network Cable Types ~
« Reply #1 on: June 19, 2018, 06:54:44 PM »



1. Unshielded Twisted Paired (UTP) Cable:

• The characteristics of UTP are very good and make it easy to work with, install, expand and troubleshoot.

• Moreover, it is cheap. UTP can be affected by radio and electrical frequency interference, there is not protective metal shield (it should not be too close to electric motors, fluorescent lights, etc.).

UTP categories :
Category 1 Data to < 100kbps Voice only (Telephone)
Category 2 Data to 4 Mbps (Localtalk)
Category 3 Data to 10Mbps (Ethernet)
Category 4 Data to 20Mbps (Token ring)
Category 5 Data to 100Mbps (Fast Ethernet)
Category 5e Data to 1000Mbps (Gigabit Ethernet)
Category 6 Data to 1000Mbps (Gigabit Ethernet)
Category 6a Data to10Gbps (Gigabit Ethernet)
Category 7 Data to10 Gbps (Gigabit Ethernet)
Category 7a Data to100 Gbps (Gigabit Ethernet)
« Last Edit: November 07, 2018, 01:33:48 PM by MysteRy »

Offline MysteRy

  • Global Moderator
  • *
  • Posts: 210758
  • Total likes: 19104
  • Karma: +2/-0
  • Gender: Female
  • ♥♥ Positive Thinking Will Let U Do Everything ♥♥
    • http://friendstamilchat.com/
Re: ~ Common Network Cable Types ~
« Reply #2 on: June 19, 2018, 06:58:32 PM »



2. Shield Twisted Pair Cabling (STP) :

• Although UTP cable is the least expensive cable, it may be easily influenced or affected by radio and electrical frequency interference
(it should not be too close to electric motors, fluorescent lights, etc.).
1– Jacket
2– Shield-foil
3– Drain wire
4– Solid twisted pair


• The only difference between the STP and UTP cable is the additional shielding material used in STP cables.

• The shielding covers the full length of the cable and protects it from any external interference.

• STP is more expensive than UTP.
« Last Edit: November 07, 2018, 01:35:06 PM by MysteRy »

Offline MysteRy

  • Global Moderator
  • *
  • Posts: 210758
  • Total likes: 19104
  • Karma: +2/-0
  • Gender: Female
  • ♥♥ Positive Thinking Will Let U Do Everything ♥♥
    • http://friendstamilchat.com/
Re: ~ Common Network Cable Types ~
« Reply #3 on: June 19, 2018, 07:00:33 PM »



3. Coaxial Cable

• Coaxial is a type of wire that consists of a center wire surrounded by insulation and then a grounded shield of braided wire.

• The shield minimizes electrical and radio frequency interference.

•It is the primary type of cabling used by the cable television industry and is also widely used for computer networks.

• Although more expensive than UTP, it is much less effected by interference.


Coaxial Cable has a copper conductor lies in the center of the cable, which is surrounded by insulation.
A braided or mesh outer covering surrounds the insulation.

• The two types of coaxial cabling are thick coaxial and thin coaxial.
"Thin coaxial"
– Thin coaxial cable is also referred to as thinnet.
– It is a 0.2 inch diameter cable – 10Base2 refers to the specifications for thin coaxial cable carrying Ethernet signals.
– The approximate maximum segment length of thin coaxial cable is 200 meters. In actual fact the maximum segment length is 185 meters.

"Thick Coaxial"
– Thick coaxial cable is also referred to as thicknet.
– It is a 0.4 inch diameter cable
– 10Base5 refers to the specifications for thick coaxial cable carrying Ethernet signals.
– The maximum segment length of Thick Coaxial cable being 500 meters.
« Last Edit: November 07, 2018, 01:35:39 PM by MysteRy »

Offline MysteRy

  • Global Moderator
  • *
  • Posts: 210758
  • Total likes: 19104
  • Karma: +2/-0
  • Gender: Female
  • ♥♥ Positive Thinking Will Let U Do Everything ♥♥
    • http://friendstamilchat.com/
Re: ~ Common Network Cable Types ~
« Reply #4 on: June 19, 2018, 07:03:55 PM »



Fiber Optics also known as Optical Fiber :

• Fibers of glass

• Usually 120 micrometers in diameter

• Used to carry signals in the form of light over distances more than 1 km.


- SPEED: Fiber optic networks operate at high speeds - up into the gigabits
- BANDWIDTH: large carrying capacity
- DISTANCE: Signals can be transmitted further without needing to be "refreshed" or strengthened.
- RESISTANCE: Greater resistance to electromagnetic noise such as radios, motors or other nearby cables.
- MAINTENANCE: Fiber optic cables costs much less to maintain.

- Core – thin glass center of the fiber where light travels.
- Cladding – outer optical material surrounding the core Buffer
- Coating – plastic coating that protects the fiber.


Advantages of Optical Fibre

• Thinner

• Less Expensive

• Higher Carrying Capacity

• Less Signal Degradation

• Light Signals

• Non-Flammable

• Light Weight


Areas of Application

• Telecommunications

• Local Area Networks

• Cable TV

• CCTV


Optical fibers come in two types:

•Single-mode fibers – used to transmit one signal per fiber (used in telephone and cable TV). They have small cores(9 microns in diameter) and transmit infra-red light from laser.

•Multi-mode fibers – used to transmit many signals per fiber (used in computer networks). They have larger cores(62.5 microns in diameter) and transmit infra-red light from LED.
« Last Edit: November 07, 2018, 01:37:27 PM by MysteRy »